Programs of Concentration (PofCs) - All Majors Except B.S. Engineering Majors

Two Programs of Concentration (PofCs) are required:

  • Each must contain six four-unit courses, three of which must be upper-division (numbered 100+) unless noted
  • Must be non-contiguous (unrelated) to the major and to each other
  • At least two courses from each PofC must be taken at UC San Diego

Additionally:

  • Courses may be taken Pass/Not Pass
  • No more than three language courses may be applied to a PofC
  • Upper-division major courses may not overlap PofC or other general education requirements
  • Special Studies Courses 195 may not be used for any PofC
  • Rady School of Management (MGT) courses may not be used - see an academic counselor if pursuing a Business minor in lieu of a PofC

Watch our instructional videos for further information regarding selecting your PofCs for:

Choosing Programs of Concentration

The major, combined with your two PofCs, must represent all three disciplines:

  1. Humanities and Fine Arts
  2. Natural Sciences, Math and Engineering
  3. Social Sciences

Contact Warren Advising during walk-in advising or on the Virtual Advising Center to have your choices added to your degree audit.  We recommend declaring by the end of your second year.

[PDF Version]

All Major Departments Except B.S. Engineering Majors

Step 1 - Find the discipline representing your major

Humanities and
Fine Arts

  • Chinese Studies
  • Classical Studies
  • Critical Gender Studies (see counselor)
  • German Studies
  • History
  • International Studies (Hist, Lit)
  • Italian Studies
  • Japanese Studies
  • Jewish Studies
  • Latin American Studies
  • Literature
  • Music
  • Philosophy
  • Religion, Study of Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies
  • Theatre and Dance
  • Third World Studies
  • Visual Arts

Natural Sciences, Math and Engineering

  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Cognitive Science (see counselor)
  • Computer Science (B.A. only)
  • Data Science
  • Electrical and Computer Engineering (B.A. only)
  • Environmental Systems
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Public Health (see counselor)
  • Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Social Sciences


  • Anthropology
  • Cognitive Science (see counselor)
  • Communication
  • Critical Gender Studies (see counselor)
  • Economics
  • Ethnic Studies
  • Global Health
  • Human Developmental Sciences
  • International Studies (Anth, Bus, Econ, Ling, Poli, Soci)
  • Linguistics
  • Political Science
  • Psychology
  • Public Health (see counselor)
  • Sociology
  • Urban Studies and Planning

Programs of Concentration (PofC)

Step 2 - Choose two PofCs, one from each of the two disciplines not represented by your major discipline

Humanities and
Fine Arts

  • Foreign Language and Culture*
  • Health Care - Social Issues*
  • History
  • Humanities*+
  • Law and Society*
  • Literature
  • Music
  • Philosophy
  • Theatre and Dance
  • Visual Arts

Natural Sciences, Math and Engineering

  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Cognitive Science#
  • Environmental Studies*
  • Fundamentals of Biology*
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Science and Technology*+
  • Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Social Sciences


  • Anthropology
  • Business*
  • Cognitive Science#
  • Communication
  • Economics
  • Education Studies*
  • Environmental Studies*
  • Ethnic Studies
  • Health Care - Social Issues*
  • Human Developmental Sciences*
  • Law and Society*
  • Linguistics/General
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Perspectives of Social Science*+
  • Political Science
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Urban Studies and Planning

# Cognitive Science may be chosen as a PofC in only one discipline. Cognitive Science majors are not eligible to choose Cognitive Science as one of their PofCs.

* Specialized PofCs require specific courses.

+ You may only choose one of the following PofCs: Humanities, Science and Technology, or Perspectives of Social Science.

Fulfilling a Program of Concentration with an Optional Minor

You may use a minor in lieu of a PofC if it is non-contiguous to your major and your other PofC:

  • An interdisciplinary minor may count in lieu of a PofC if at least four of the minor courses are from the discipline in which the PofC will be replaced.
  • A business minor may be used in lieu of a Social Science PofC only when specific, allowable courses are chosen. See a Warren academic counselor for more information.

A student may overlap the equivalent of two applicable upper-division courses (a maximum of eight units) between a major and a minor.

Interdisciplinary PofCs

Interdisciplinary PofCs

Requires six courses, three of which must be upper division.


In order to categorize as either Humanities and Fine Arts or Social Sciences, four of the six courses must be chosen from the discipline in which your PofC will be used. 


Language courses, if allowed for the PofC, count as humanities/fine arts courses:

  • maximum of three language courses can be used for a Humanities and Fine Arts interdisciplinary PofC
  • maximum of two language courses can be used for a Social Science interdisciplinary PofC 

See an academic counselor for approved courses:

Specialized Humanities and Fine Arts PofCs

Foreign Language and Culture

Requires three foreign language courses (a minimum of 12 units) in one language. 


Requires three upper-division Humanities and Fine Arts courses in the study of that culture.


You may have difficulty finding upper-division courses in the study of the culture of some languages. See an academic counselor with questions.

Health Care - Social Issues

Required courses:

  1. SOCI 40
  2. PHIL 163
  3. One of the following:  USP 143, 144, 145, or 147

Three courses (at least one must be upper-division) from:

  • History:  HILD 30
  • History of Science:  HISC 108, 109, 115, 116, 119, 180
  • Philosophy:  PHIL 147, 148, 151, 162, 164, 173

Humanities

Requires any combination of six four-unit courses, three of which must be upper-division, from:

  • History
  • Literature
  • Music
  • Philosophy
  • Study of Religion
  • Theatre and Dance
  • Visual Arts

Other courses, if applicable, may be petitioned prior to taking the course(s).

Linguistics/Language courses are not allowed.

May not be used if Perspectives of Social Science or Science and Technology is your other PofC.

Law and Society

Required courses:

One course chosen from:  HILD 50, PHIL 50, POLI 40, or SOCI 50 

Five courses approved for the minor at http://lawandsociety.ucsd.edu/:

  • At least three must be upper-division
  • At least four of the six courses must be from History, Philosophy, or LAWS 101
  • Courses must be chosen from at least two different departments

Specialized Natural Sciences, Math, and Engineering PofCs

Environmental Studies

Required courses:

  1. ENVR 30
  2. ENVR 110

Four courses (at least two must be upper-division) from:

  • Biology of Ecology, Behavior, and Evolution:  BIEB 121, 131, 140, 166, 176
  • Biology:  BILD 3
  • Chemistry:  CHEM 15, 171, 173
  • Environmental Studies:  ENVR 102, 120
  • Environmental Systems:  ESYS 101, 102, 103
  • Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering:  MAE 118
  • Physics:  PHYS 12
  • Scripps Institution of Oceanography:  SIO 10, 12, 15, 16, 20, 30, 35, 110, 150

May not be used if Environmental Studies-Social Science is your other PofC.

Fundamentals of Biology

Requires any six four-unit, lower-division Biology courses. 


Recommended courses for non-science majors:

  • Biology:  BILD 7, 10, 12, 16, 18, 20, 22, 26, 36, 38

More advanced courses are allowed.

Science and Technology

Requires six four-unit, lower-division courses, with a maximum of three from a single department.


Recommended courses:

  • **Biology:  BILD 7, 10, 12, 16, 18, 20, 22, 26, 36, 38
  • **Chemistry:  CHEM 4 or 11, 12, 13
  • Cognitive Science:  COGS 1, 3, 8, 9, 11, 17
  • Computer Science and Engineering:  CSE 3, 5A, 7, 8A, 8B, 11
  • Electrical and Computer Engineering:  ECE 15, 25, 30, 80, 85
  • Environmental Studies:  ENVR 30
  • Environmental Systems:  ESYS 10
  • Linguistics:  LIGN 17
  • Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering:  MAE 5, 8
  • Music:  MUS 7
  • **Physics:  PHYS 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
  • **Scripps Institution of Oceanography:  SIO 1, 3, 10, 12, 15, 16, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50

**Many advanced lower and upper-division courses may apply (see an academic counselor).

May not be used if Humanities or Perspectives of Social Science is your other PofC.

Specialized Social Science PofCs

Business

Requires three courses from:

  • MGT 16, 45, 103, 112, 181

Requires three courses approved for the minor from:

  • Communication
  • Psychology
  • Sociology

If pursuing a business minor in lieu of a PofC, see an academic counselor regarding allowable courses.

Education Studies

Requires at least six courses, with a minimum of 12 units (three four-unit) EDS courses, for a total of 24 units, chosen from the following:

  • Anthropology:  Sociocultural Anthropology:  ANSC 122, 162, 163
  • Cognitive Science:  COGS 154
  • Communication:  COMM 102, 110I, 168
  • Economics:  ECON 147
  • Education Studies:  EDS 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 125, 126, 128A/139, 129A/139, 129B/139, 129C/139, 130/139, 131/139, 134/139, 136/139, 137/139, 138/139, 140/139, 141/139
  • Education Studies/Linguistics:  EDS/LIGN 119
  • Ethnic Studies:  ETHN 140, 141, 144
  • Human Development Program:  HDP 1, 135
  • Psychology:  PSYC 101
  • Sociology:  SOCI 117, 126

Education Studies Restrictions: Units from EDS 139 may not be applied to your PofC.

Environmental Studies

Required courses:

  1. ENVR 30
  2. ENVR 110

Four courses from:

  • Anthropology:  Archaeology:  ANAR 182
  • Anthropology:  Sociocultural Anthropology:  ANSC 160
  • Communication:  COMM 171
  • Economics:  ECON 131, 132, 145
  • Environmental Studies:  ENVR 102, 140
  • Ethnic Studies:  ETHN 103
  • Political Science:  POLI 140E, 125A, 162
  • Sociology:  SOCI 149
  • Urban Studies and Planning:  USP 2, 124, 144, 171

May not be used if Environmental Studies - Natural Science is your other PofC.

Health Care - Social Issues

Required courses:

  1. SOCI 40
  2. PHIL 163
  3. One course from:  USP 143, 144, 145, or 147

Three courses (at least one must be upper division) from:

  • Anthropology:  ANTH 2
  • Anthropology:  Biological Anthropology:  ANBI 100*, 120, 130, 141
  • Anthropology:  Sociocultural Anthropology:  ANSC 100*, 101, 105, 143, 144, 146, 148, 164
  • Critical Gender Studies: CGS 107
  • Cognitive Science:  COGS 174
  • Communication: COMM 108D
  • Economics:  ECON 140, 141
  • Ethnic Studies:  ETHN 102, 142, 157
  • Family Medicine and Public Health: FPMU 40, 50
  • Global Health: GLBH 181
  • Linguistics: LIGN 146
  • Psychology:  PSYC 2, 60, 70, 100, 104, 124, 132, 134, 154, 155, 168, 169, 172, 179, 181, 188
  • Sociology:  SOCI 60, 70, 107, 113, 120T*, 134E, 135, 136E-F, 138, 159*, 173
  • Urban Studies and Planning:  USP 143, 144, 145, 147, 149

*ANBI 100, ANSC 100, SOCI 120T and SOCI 159 must be health related. Approved topics will be listed on the program website.

Human Developmental Sciences

Required course:

  1. HDP 1

Five upper-division Human Development Program courses from:

  • Anthropology
  • Communication
  • Human Development Program
  • Linguistics (LIGN)
  • Psychology
  • Sociology

Law and Society

Required courses:

One course from:  HILD 50, PHIL 50, POLI 40 or SOCI 50

Five courses approved for the minor at http://lawandsociety.ucsd.edu:

  • At least 3 must be upper-division
  • At least 4 of the 6 courses must be from:  Anthropology, Communication, Economics, Ethnic Studies, Linguistics, Political Science, Psychology, Urban Studies & Planning, or LAWS 101.

Courses must be chosen from at least two different departments

Linguistics and Language

Required Course:

  1. LIGN 101
  2. Two courses in one language, level 1B/1BX and 1C/1CX or higher
  3. Three Linguistics/General (LIGN) courses, at least two of which must be upper-division.

For American Sign Language: ASL 1C/CX or ASL 1D/DX; LIGN 7, 101; and three Linguistics/General (LIGN) courses; at least two of which must be upper-division.

Perspectives of Social Science

Requires any combination of six four-unit courses, three of which must be upper-division from:

  • Anthropology
  • Communication
  • Economics
  • Education Studies
  • Ethnic Studies
  • Human Development Program
  • Linguistics/General (LIGN)
  • Political Science
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Urban Studies and Planning

This PofC does not meet minor requirements.

May not be used if Humanities or Science and Technology is your other PofC.